Seeing a white light slowly moving toward her eyes announced to Gloria, a 45-year-old Bogota woman, that a pain that had attacked her since adolescence was about to appear. Although he did not know for certain what the cause of his ills was, he knew that in very high periods of stress he had to stay up for two days lying in his bed completely in the dark and not eating even a slice of bread, because vomiting, certain moments, they became unbearable. On many occasions she ended up in the emergency room, crying in pain and unable to do anything.
At first Gloria was very frightened because she did not know the cause of her migraines. But over time, she warned in advance the facts that could trigger her migraine to face them and prevent the onset of this terrible pain, as well as knowing exactly what kind of medication to take so he would not hit her so hard.
But Gloria’s case is exceptional: most women do not know how, when or where a terrible migraine will find them, and for this reason they live in fear that it will happen at the worst time (work meeting, driving, alone or away from their houses). Next we will tell you what are migraines, what their symptoms are and how you can prevent and treat them.
What is a migraine?
Migraine is an intense pain that usually occurs on one side of the head, also known as migraine. Globally, approximately 25 million people are considered migraines, and in Colombia, it is believed to affect more than five million men and women. About $ 5 trillion in drugs are spent each year to cure this intense headache.
Typically, patients describe a migraine as an acute, throbbing (throbbing) pain that can last between 6 and 48 hours and is totally incapacitating to carry their day to day in a normal way.
The main cause of the occurrence of migraines in women is, unfortunately, of hereditary origin. Usually, daughters of women with frequent migraine problems also suffer from these throughout their lives without being able to avoid it.
The second cause of the origin of migraines are health complications as frequent as hypoglycemia, diabetes and muscular contractions.
Also, the origin of migraines is associated with certain moments in the life of the woman as the arrival of the menstrual period, due to the high hormonal activity that women present in those days. This migraine is conceived as normal for most doctors, but when these are becoming more frequent and painful, it is necessary to explore the root of the problem. During pregnancy or the onset of menopause, it is very possible that the woman begins to suffer from migraines.
The psychological stability of a woman can also be measured through her migraines: crisis of anxiety, depression, irritability, sudden changes of mood, among others can trigger these terrible headaches. This is what specialists call Tension Headache.
Other factors are related to the woman’s diet and life habits: drinking coffee, drinks with lots of sugar, chocolates, alcoholic beverages, among others, can do a lot of damage to women causing the onset of migraines. Other factors such as sleep quality, sedentary lifestyle, taking medications such as antidepressants and contraceptives and lack of rest can also lead to frequent migraines in women.
A person knows that he will suffer from a migraine when, suddenly, he begins to feel alterations like: blurred vision, pain and temporary blindness. Also, complications such as nausea, tingling, chills, inappetence, sweating, sensitivity to light, frequent urination, among others.
These “warning” symptoms usually come about an hour before the definitive arrival of migraine and trigger the intense pain that we have already mentioned. When it worsens, a person has the following symptoms: speech difficulties, loss of balance, and pain at bedtime, and pale skin.
What to do?
Some people have migraines infrequently, therefore, with the taking of some analgesic is enough? But when migraines occur several times a week and with light disturbances (such as vision of light halos or auras), it is necessary to visit the doctor, since they may be the warning of the possible incidence of a stroke.
Also, migraine sufferers should avoid habits that can worsen their symptoms such as smoking, taking contraceptives, drinking too much coffee and eating an unhealthy diet. Frequent exercise can also reduce the chances of migraine.
Migraines are a common problem in modern women: stress, childcare and home and the hectic pace of everyday life can make them suffer from frequent migraines. And although for many this is part of their lives, it does not mean that they do not pay attention to the problem. Consult your doctor when migraines turn into a real headache.